- By Julia Phillips
- May. 27 2012 17:14
PETROPAVLOVSK-KAMCHATSKY — At a corner of this huge country, at the very edge of the world, the Kamchatka Peninsula juts 1,500 kilometers into the Pacific.
Main industries: Fishing, energy, mining, manufacturing
Mayor: Vladimir Semchyov
Founded in 1740
Interesting fact: Kamchatka’s eastern coast, where Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is located, is one of the most seismically active spots in the world. During the last century, it has seen 13 earthquakes ranked more than 7 on the Richter scale.
Sister cities: Kushiro City, Japan; Sevastopol, Ukraine; Unalaska, Alaska, U.S.
Mayor Vladimir Semchyov (14 Leninskaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-42-40-38;
Oksana Gerasimova, head of the Kamchatka government’s investment and enterprise department (1 Ploshchad Lenina; +7 4152-42-56-59;
Eight thousand kilometers east of Moscow, Kamchatka is an incredible place. It holds such titles as the highest recorded density of brown bears on Earth, the only geyser field in Eurasia and the tallest active volcano on the continent. For decades, the peninsula was shut by the Soviet government to protect its local military assets, but the Soviet collapse caused this region to open and brought in waves of outsiders.
Perestroika prompted a massive exodus from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka's capital city, which more than half the peninsula's population calls home. Nearly 100,000 people have left since 1992. The city therefore appears much as you'd expect a slowly emptying military outpost to look: cracking cement buildings, icy streets and abandoned bunkers tucked into hills.
Still, visitors keep flowing into Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.
"Twenty years ago there were three tour firms here. Now there are more than 100," said Tamara Tatushkina, the region's former top tourism official. A range of agencies offer helicopter flights to the world-famous Valley of the Geysers. Adventurous winter athletes also board Kamchatka's helicopters for a chance to heliski, descending as many as eight different peaks in a single day.
Akros (43 Shturmana Yelagina Ulitsa; +7 4152-24-37-17;
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Trade Sea Port (+7 4152-43-41-00;
Kamchatgazprom (19 Pogranichnaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-41-00-94;
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is surrounded by nature parks, state reserves and sanctuaries, so this small city of 179,395 has become a jumping-off point for investors and tourists eager to explore the region's untouched wilderness.
While the military maintains a strong presence in the city, commercial fishing has emerged as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky's chief industry. Kamchatkan rivers, where one-quarter of all Pacific salmon spawn, are leased to private companies, and laws against fish poaching are strictly enforced. Markets here are filled with tubs of caviar. Kamchatkan salmon is rightly famed for its deliciousness, and any visitor to the peninsula quickly develops a taste for its pink meat.
Q: What is Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky’s greatest strength?
A: Without a doubt, its geopolitical location. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky has one of the largest bays in the world, which opens directly onto the Pacific Ocean. In addition, almost all of Kamchatka’s population is concentrated here, making us the largest market in the region.
Q: How would you like to see the city develop?
A: The strength of our port presents an excellent opportunity for developing our ship-repair industry. And Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is surrounded by raw materials, including limestone deposits, so our construction industries have a bright future.
Q: Which sector is most promising for investors here?
A: Energy! In Kamchatka, an energy system based on fossil fuels isn’t economical because its transport is too expensive. Now we use our own gas, but that’s also expensive — so we’re putting all our efforts into the development of hydropower, the cheapest form of energy in the world. Kamchatka’s rivers and sea tides are limitless sources of energy that will allow us to produce energy without causing any harm to the environment. Once our region makes a full transition to hydropower, we’ll make a positive impact on the world’s ecology. We’ll even be able to sell our cheap energy as a commodity.
Q: Why should an investor set up a business here?
A: Businesses are really dependent on energy prices. Soon we expect to revolutionize energy costs and offer business owners the lowest market price for electricity in the world.
— Julia Phillips
The peninsula is also exploring its potential for energy production. Russia's first geothermal electric station was established here in 1966. As befits a region bubbling with constant thermal activity, Kamchatka has created a network of geothermal power plants that now satisfy up to 30 percent of local electricity needs, and it has plans for more work. In October, Energy Minister Sergei Shmatko signed an agreement with Iceland to cooperate in the design and construction of additional geothermal plants in Kamchatka, and recently the peninsula's government presented power plant investment opportunities to South Korea.
Local legend holds that the raven-god Kutkh created Kamchatka when he dropped one of his feathers into the sea. Although these days you're most likely to encounter Kutkh as a carved wooden souvenir in a regional gift shop, Kamchatka, with its glaciers, geysers, and 130 volcanoes, still seems like a place where gods could walk. Humble as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky may seem to an outsider's eye, it serves as the gateway to a peninsula rich with indigenous heritage, Soviet legacies and natural wonders.
What to do if you have two hours
Slip on your most comfortable shoes and take a stroll around the city's historical center. Stand first at the shore along Ozernovskaya Kosa Ulitsa. This stretch gives you a view of Avacha Bay, with a local fishing port to your right and an outlet to the Pacific Ocean on your left. Across the bay are the lights of Vilyuchinsk, a closed military settlement.
Walk along Ozernovskaya Kosa past the statue of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky's namesake Saints Peter and Paul until you reach Lenin Square. Here, you'll see the faces of the local administration building and the city's recently renovated theater. Continue on Leninskaya Ulitsa, make a right onto Ulitsa Krasintzev, and begin climbing up Nikolskaya Hill. At its peak, you'll find a row of cannons, several monuments commemorating local military history and the best view of the bay in the city.
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky's Regional Museum (20 Leninskaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-42-18-82) has plenty to offer to any history buff. Founded in 1911, the museum holds relics of the peninsula's past, with special attention given to Koryak, Chukchi, Even and Itelmen objects. An afternoon in the regional museum gives city visitors a rare chance to value these indigenous groups' contributions to Kamchatka.
What to do if you have two days
Summer in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is brief but gorgeous. In warm weather, get a new perspective on the city by joining an Avacha Bay boat tour, which lasts about three hours. This will give you the chance to view up close the iconic Three Brothers, a set of sheer cliffs standing in the water. Legend has it that these huge rocks are actually the forms of three men who long ago chose to save their people from a tsunami by guarding the mouth of the bay.
Q: Which day trips would you recommend taking outside Petropavlovsk?
A: So much depends on the time of year. In the winter and spring, you can rent cross-country skis and follow beautiful trails that take you through birch forests and under volcanoes. You can also go dog-mushing for the day. In the summer, you can arrange trips on horseback or go rafting down the Avacha River. Ascending Avacha Volcano is a must. And if you like gardening, I’d recommend going to a dacha region and peeking over fences. People do incredible things with their plots.
Q: What advice do you have for entrepreneurs new to the city?
A: Do everything legally. Keep the right licenses, file your taxes and have a Russian bookkeeper who knows the system. These are all practical things that save headaches — and for a foreigner, they’re just basic.
I also always advise helping your peers. I teach seminars to help others break into tourism because I really believe we need to develop this sphere as a team.
Q: What is the secret of success here?
A: We’re pretty isolated, so business owners always have to try to keep abreast of trends so we can offer what people are looking for. Stay educated about what’s happening in your sphere around the world. And it’s really important here to be friendly. Listen to what people need and try to help them solve their problems. Many times, my clients didn’t even know how to get to Kamchatka before we started talking.
— Julia Phillips
Athletes will find whole worlds to explore inside the city's borders. Strap on your skis and hit the slopes at Krasnaya Sopka (13 Strelkovaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-42-38-21). The hill's four ski tracks, each more than a kilometer long, tip so drastically toward the ocean that you may feel you'll slide right into the bay at the bottom.
For exhilaration of a different sort, visit the Lesnaya cross-country ski base (50 Severo-Vostochnoye Shosse; +7 4152-29-27-69), which offers 42 kilometers of trails through the forest at the city's edge. Try not to blink as local skiers blast by.
What to do with the family
Make sure to visit the Puppet Theater (42 Ulitsa Maksutova; +7 4152-42-68-48;
Kamchatka's Theater of Drama and Comedy (75 Leninskaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-42-02-94;
The recently opened nightclub Ikra (2 Prospekt Pobedi; +7 4152-34-34-44;
Local bards perform on Friday and Saturday evenings at Zelyonaya Kareta (1a Solnechnaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-33-71-11). Spend a few hours listening to original acoustic compositions while treating yourself to some traditional Russian cuisine at the club's cafe.
Where to eat
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky's proximity to Korea, China and Japan has brought dozens of restaurants specializing in high-quality Asian cuisine to the city's streets. Local government officials frequent Korea House (26 Leninskaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-41-11-93), which offers authentic dishes at extravagant prices. Dinner for two costs about 4,000 rubles ($135).
More budget-conscious visitors should try Chzhen (4 Ulitsa Lukashevskovo; +7 4152-23-06-66) for Eurasian fusion. The pork shank comes highly recommended. Dinner for two costs about 2,000 rubles.
Where to stay
Hotel Avacha (61 Leningradskaya Ulitsa; +7 4152-42-72-01;
Hotel Petropavlovsk (31a Prospekt Karla Marksa; +7 4152-25-25-25;
Mention either the state of the roads or the price of the groceries. Despite an election-year campaign to repave city streets, most roads are in disrepair — harsh winters and constant earthquakes do little to maintain smooth asphalt. And due to the peninsula's isolation, food prices soar to reflect high import costs. Bringing up either of these two constants of life on Kamchatka is sure to get you into a long discussion with any local.
How to get there
Aeroflot and Transaero both make the nine-hour flight between Moscow and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Airport (+7 4153-19-95-61;
The airport is located 30 kilometers from the city. Take an hourlong bus ride to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky's center for 40 rubles, or save time by taking a taxi for 1,000 rubles or more.